Image

Refractive Surgery

Refractive Surgery

Surgical refractive procedures now make it possible to permanently eliminate or significantly reduce the need to wear glasses or contact lenses, even for people who require thick corrective lenses. Appropriate surgery can modify the eye to focus light rays properly on the retina. Various operations can reduce or correct nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism, and more. Newly developed intraocular lenses can even correct presbyopia—the reduced ability to focus from far to near that most people begins to experience in their forties.

There are two basic types of corrective refractive surgery. One changes the curvature of the cornea (outer surface of the eye). The other changes the internal optics of the eye, either by replacing the natural lens of the eye or by using an intraocular lens in addition to the natural lens.

Refractive Surgery:

01 Introduction

02 LASIK microkeratome

03 LASIK femtosecond

04 LASIK wavefront

05 PRK

06 LASEK

07 Intacs

08 IOL

09 CK

10 LTK

11 AK

12 Monovision

Animation credit: American Academy of Ophthalmology